There are 180 lines of latitude assigned to the surface of the Earth, not including the equator. Latitude is measured as degrees above or below the equator, which sits at zero degrees and acts as the basis for measurement.
The seven important lines of latitude are the equator at 0 degrees, Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5 degrees south, Tropic of Cancer at 23.5 degrees north, Antarctic Circle at 66.5 degrees south, Arctic Circle at 66.5 degrees north, South Pole at 90 degrees south and North P...
The equator is located at 0 degrees latitude. Because the Earth is widest at the equator, it is the longest line of latitude at 24,901.55 miles. Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that measure degrees north and south of the equator.
Latitude lines, which run horizontally around the Earth, allow mariners and pilots to know how far north or south they are from the equator, while longitude lines, which run vertically between the two poles, tell travelers how far east or west they are from the prime me...
Just like there are 60 minutes in 1 hour, there are 60 minutes in 1 degree of latitude. Note that a minute in regards to latitude is a distance rather than a time.
Latitude measures how close a place is to the equator; because the equator receives the most sun and has the highest temperatures, a places’ latitude can indicate the climate. The further a location on earth is from the equator, the colder the temperatures will be.
The 0 degrees latitude line is called the equator. Latitude lines are parallel lines that are measured in 1 degree increments north and south of the equator. Latitude lines are measured either 0 to 90 degrees north or 0 to 90 degrees south of the equator.