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Ligamentum flavum hypertrophy is a condition in which the ligamentum flava grows wider and larger and expands toward the central spinal canal. It is also referred to as ligamentum flavum thickening. More »

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Compression of the thecal sac means the protective membrane covering the spinal cord is experiencing extra pressure, according to Merck Manuals. Effacement of the thecal sac means that the thecal sac is being shortened o... More »

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Facet hypertrophy occurs when a spinal nerve root is pinched by vertebral joint enlargement, reports Cedars Sinai. Facet joints exist between the vertebrae and allow the spine to bend and twist. Nerve roots pass through ... More »

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Non-specific ST-T wave abnormalities can be caused by digitalis effect, myocardial ischemia, hypokalemia, left ventricular hypertrophy with strain and reciprocal changes from an ST elevation myocardial injury. Getting an... More »

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Cardiac hypertrophy happens when the muscles of the heart thicken, according to the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine. This means that there is less room in the heart for the chambers, including t... More »

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A headache on the top of the head is a symptom of a tension headache, a common condition that can be caused by lack of sleep, stress and hunger, according to WebMD. Additional triggers of tension headaches include anxiou... More »

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Good questions to ask a doctor include the name of the condition, how the patient can learn more about the condition, how long the problem may last and how the problem affects the patient, notes NIHSeniorHealth. Asking q... More »

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