Ligamentum flavum hypertrophy is a condition in which the ligamentum flava grows wider and larger and expands toward the central spinal canal. It is also referred to as ligamentum flavum thickening. More »

Compression of the thecal sac means the protective membrane covering the spinal cord is experiencing extra pressure, according to Merck Manuals. Effacement of the thecal sac means that the thecal sac is being shortened o... More »

Facet hypertrophy occurs when a spinal nerve root is pinched by vertebral joint enlargement, reports Cedars Sinai. Facet joints exist between the vertebrae and allow the spine to bend and twist. Nerve roots pass through ... More »

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Non-specific ST-T wave abnormalities can be caused by digitalis effect, myocardial ischemia, hypokalemia, left ventricular hypertrophy with strain and reciprocal changes from an ST elevation myocardial injury. Getting an... More »

Cardiac hypertrophy happens when the muscles of the heart thicken, according to the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine. This means that there is less room in the heart for the chambers, including t... More »

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Individuals with vertigo are treated based on the cause of the condition that prompts problems with balance and inner ear changes, explains WebMD. The most common treatment involves vestibular rehabilitation, which invol... More »

Wegener's granulomatosis is a condition that causes inflammation of the blood vessels, and if left untreated, can cause kidney failure due to the reduction in blood supply. With early diagnosis and treatment, the prognos... More »

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