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As of November 2015, research suggests that inherited and spontaneous genetic factors have a strong role in the development of autistic spectrum disorder, or autism, reports the National Institute of Neurological Disorde... More »

As of January 2016, the latest advances in pediatric neurology include trial results published September 2015 in the Journal of the American Academy of Adolescent Psychiatry showing that stimulants for treating attention... More »

In 2014, substantial advancements in autism research included a meta-analysis disputing any correlation between vaccines and autism, physical evidence of autism existing in prenatal development, the ability to reduce aut... More »

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Autism affects people of every age, and it occurs in every ethnic and socioeconomic group, says the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. It occurs in males four times more often than females. More »

The exact cause of Bell's palsy is unknown, and some believe the condition is an inflammatory reaction to an infection by viral meningitis or herpes simplex, explains The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and ... More »

Strokes, traumatic brain injuries, Huntington's disease, cerebral palsy and Alzheimer's disease cause brain shrinkage, explains the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Leukodystrophies, fronto-tempor... More »

Doctors do not know the exact cause of transverse myelitis, but the condition typically occurs after an infection or as a complication of another condition, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders a... More »