Traditional laminectomy involves the creation of a 2- to 6-inch incision in the midline of the back, retracting the left and right back muscles and removing some bone to decompress the spinal cord or nerves, according to... More »

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A lumbar laminectomy removes the lamina, a bone in the spinal canal, and ligaments attached to the spine, according to the Columbia University Medical Center. The surgeon also shaves down the arthritic facet joints to al... More »

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A cervical laminectomy is a surgical procedure done through the back of the neck to relieve pressure on the spine caused by spinal stenosis, states Houston Methodist Orthopedics & Sports Medicine. Spinal stenosis occurs ... More »

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Cold laser therapy is a noninvasive treatment that can stimulate the muscles, nerves and all other cell types and treat conditions such as knee pain, back pain and arthritis pain, according to Spine-Health. The procedure... More »

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An occipital nerve block is a procedure that uses a special type of injection to numb one or both of the occipital nerves that originate in a patient's back in order to reduce the pain she feels along the back of her hea... More »

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In a meniscus surgery, surgeons make a small incision to open the knee and repair the meniscus tear, according to WebMD. Surgeons may also perform arthroscopic surgery, which involves making tiny incisions close to the k... More »

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Laser spine surgery involves a small incision in the back where surgical tools are inserted to remove the sources of nerve sensitivity and pain, explains HowStuffWorks. This type of surgery is often used to treat pain as... More »

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