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While sound waves, surgery and a scope treat large stones, medical therapy, water and pain relievers treat small kidney stones, states Mayo Clinic. The method of treatment depends on the stone type and the cause. More »

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Lithotripsy treats kidney stones by breaking up the stones into pieces that are small enough to pass out of the urinary system, explains MedlinePlus. Medical professionals often use extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy ... More »

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According to Mayo Clinic, there is no single cause of kidney stones; however, there are several factors that increase the risk of their development. These include a diet high in sodium, not drinking enough water, excess ... More »

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Surgery options for kidney stones include removal of the stones using a scope inserted through the back, use of a ureteroscope through the urethra or removal of the parathyroid, according to Mayo Clinic. Doctors also use... More »

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The Mayo Clinic states that drinking plenty of water, making dietary changes and taking certain medications may help prevent kidney stones. Because calcium supplements have been linked to an increased risk of kidney ston... More »

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Doctors treat kidney stones with laser lithotripsy, in which kidney stones are located with a scope and broken up with a laser, states the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The urologist then extract... More »

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Mayo Clinic lists several common causes of kidney stones. Although the cause typically depends on the type of kidney stone present, overall risk factors include obesity, chronic dehydration, age of 40 years or older, mal... More »

www.reference.com Health Conditions & Diseases