While sound waves, surgery and a scope treat large stones, medical therapy, water and pain relievers treat small kidney stones, states Mayo Clinic. The method of treatment depends on the stone type and the cause. More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Lithotripsy treats kidney stones by breaking up the stones into pieces that are small enough to pass out of the urinary system, explains MedlinePlus. Medical professionals often use extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy ... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Kidney stones form when the concentration of minerals, salts, and other substances found in urine increases due to a decrease in water, explains WebMD. Not drinking enough water is the most common cause of kidney stones. More » Health Conditions & Diseases
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The Mayo Clinic states that drinking plenty of water, making dietary changes and taking certain medications may help prevent kidney stones. Because calcium supplements have been linked to an increased risk of kidney ston... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Surgery options for kidney stones include removal of the stones using a scope inserted through the back, use of a ureteroscope through the urethra or removal of the parathyroid, according to Mayo Clinic. Doctors also use... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Doctors treat kidney stones with laser lithotripsy, in which kidney stones are located with a scope and broken up with a laser, states the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The urologist then extract... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Physical symptoms of kidney stones include lower body pain, nausea and a frequent sensation of having to urinate, according to WebMD. People with kidney stones can also feel pain while urinating and experience fever and ... More » Health Conditions & Diseases