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When cancer originates in the kidneys, oncologists classify it as kidney cancer, according to Mayo Clinic. Most children with kidney cancer have a type of cancer known as Wilms’ tumor, while renal cell carcinoma is the most prevalent type of kidney cancer in adults.


Surgery is the primary treatment for most kidney cancers, according to the Kidney Cancer Association. There are different types of surgeries available, and the specific procedure depends on the type of cancer, the size of the tumor, the extent of the cancer and the overall health of the patient.


Although it is unclear what causes kidney cancer, or renal cell carcinoma, factors such as high blood pressure, inherited and acquired gene mutations, smoking, and obesity can increase an individual's risk for developing kidney cancer, states Mayo Clinic. How these factors lead to cancerous kidney c


The causes of kidney cancer, or renal cell carcinoma, are unknown, according to The Mayo Clinic. There are, however, several risk factors that can increase the likelihood of contracting kidney cancer.


Signs of kidney cancer include bloody urine, unexplained low back pain on one side, unexplained weight loss, or a lump on the side or lower back, states the American Cancer Society. Other symptoms are tiredness, appetite loss, unexplained prolonged fever and anemia. However, all of these usually hav


In the first stages of kidney cancer, no symptoms may manifest, according to WebMD. As the condition progresses, several symptoms may appear, including appetite loss, persistent pain, an abdominal lump, bloody urine, long-lasting fever, severe tiredness, unexplained weight loss, ankle or leg swellin


Also known as renal cell carcinoma, clear cell cancer afflicts tubules that form part of the kidney's filtering system, eMedicineHealth explains. The most prevalent form of kidney cancer in adults, the condition particularly affects men between 50 years and 70 years of age, notes MedlinePlus.


Stage IV kidney cancer is cancer of the kidney that has spread outside the confines of the organ to other areas of the body, according to the American Cancer Society. Treatment options at this stage are dependent on the patient's overall health and how much the cancer has spread.


Urologists, radiation oncologists and medical oncologists may all treat kidney cancer, depending on the stage of the cancer and the treatment options recommended, according to the American Cancer Society. A urologist specializes in treating urinary system diseases, while an oncologist treats cancer.


The most frequent symptoms of kidney cancer include fever that comes and goes, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, chronic back pain under the ribs and urinary blood, according to Mayo Clinic. Because symptoms do not generally present in early stages, contacting a doctor as soon as these occur is vita