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www.thoughtco.com/invention-of-the-phonograph-4156528

Thomas Edison is best remembered as the inventor of the electric light bulb, but he first attracted great fame by creating an astounding machine that could record sound and play it back.In the spring of 1878, Edison dazzled crowds by appearing in public with his phonograph, which would be used to record people talking, singing, and even playing musical instruments.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phonograph

A phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or since the 1940s called a record player, is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.The sound vibration waveforms are recorded as corresponding physical deviations of a spiral groove engraved, etched, incised, or impressed into the surface of a ...

www.nps.gov/edis/learn/kidsyouth/the-phonograph.htm

The first phonograph was invented in 1877 at the Menlo Park lab. A piece of tin-foil was wrapped around the cylinder in the middle. You shouted a short message into the piece on one side of the cylinder while you turned the handle. Inside this piece was a needle. Your voice would make the needle shake, or vibrate.

www.britannica.com/technology/phonograph

Phonograph, also called a record player, instrument for reproducing sounds by means of the vibration of a stylus, or needle, following a groove on a rotating disc. The invention of the phonograph is generally credited to Thomas Edison (1877). Learn more about phonographs in this article.

www.loc.gov/.../history-of-the-cylinder-phonograph

Interest was great, and the invention was reported in several New York newspapers, and later in other American newspapers and magazines. The Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established on January 24, 1878, to exploit the new machine by exhibiting it. Edison received $10,000 for the manufacturing and sales rights and 20% of the profits.

www.history.com/news/thomas-edison-inventions

Edison’s phonograph created a sensation and helped enhance his reputation as a great inventor. Eventually, he began to market and sell the machines and cylinder records, reverting again to using ...

www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/edison/aa_edison_phonograph_1.html

Edison Invents the Phonograph Thomas Edison created many inventions, but his favorite was the phonograph. While working on improvements to the telegraph and the telephone, Edison figured out a way to record sound on tinfoil-coated cylinders. In 1877, he created a machine with two needles: one for recording and one for playback.

www.history.com/this-day-in-history/edisons-first-great-invention

The American inventor announces his invention of the phonograph, a way to record and play back sound. Edison stumbled on one of his great inventions–the phonograph–while working on a way to ...

www.whoinventedit.net/who-invented-the-phonograph.html

The phonograph was a revolutionary invention when it came out. Scrutinize the history of the phonograph and how it changed music and recordings. Assess the origin of the phonograph and how it was used.