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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phonograph

The phonograph was invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison. Alexander Graham Bell's Volta Laboratory made several improvements in the 1880s and introduced the graphophone, including the use of wax-coated cardboard cylinders and a cutting stylus that moved from side to side in a zigzag groove around the record.

www.thoughtco.com/invention-of-the-phonograph-4156528

Thomas Edison is best remembered as the inventor of the electric light bulb, but he first attracted great fame by creating an astounding machine that could record sound and play it back.In the spring of 1878, Edison dazzled crowds by appearing in public with his phonograph, which would be used to record people talking, singing, and even playing musical instruments.

www.nps.gov/edis/learn/kidsyouth/the-phonograph.htm

The first phonograph was invented in 1877 at the Menlo Park lab. A piece of tin-foil was wrapped around the cylinder in the middle. You shouted a short message into the piece on one side of the cylinder while you turned the handle. Inside this piece was a needle. Your voice would make the needle shake, or vibrate.

personal.psu.edu/jtk187/art2/phonograph.htm

The phonograph played a role in toys, time announcing clocks, books for the blind, and family records. Additionally, the phonograph made talking movies possible, Edison was the frontrunner of the cinema and it could not have been possible if he had not made the phonograph years earlier.

www.loc.gov/.../history-of-the-cylinder-phonograph

Interest was great, and the invention was reported in several New York newspapers, and later in other American newspapers and magazines. The Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established on January 24, 1878, to exploit the new machine by exhibiting it. Edison received $10,000 for the manufacturing and sales rights and 20% of the profits.

www.britannica.com/technology/phonograph

Phonograph, also called a record player, instrument for reproducing sounds by means of the vibration of a stylus, or needle, following a groove on a rotating disc. The invention of the phonograph is generally credited to Thomas Edison (1877). Learn more about phonographs in this article.

www.history.com/news/thomas-edison-inventions

Edison’s phonograph created a sensation and helped enhance his reputation as a great inventor. Eventually, he began to market and sell the machines and cylinder records, reverting again to using ...

www.bartleby.com/essay/Invention-of-the-Phonograph-FKZFRFYVJ

Invention of the Phonograph The idea of the phonograph came from the man who invented the light bulb. Thomas Alva Edison is one of the greatest inventors of all time decided to create this invention. In 1877, Edison was working on a machine that would decipher telegraphic messages to paper tape. He ...

www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thomas-alva-edison-patents-the-phonograph

He was awarded U.S. Patent No. 200,521 for his invention—the phonograph—on February 19, 1878. Edison’s invention came about as spin-off from his ongoing work in telephony and telegraphy.