Simple kidney cysts are generally harmless, while cysts associated with polycystic kidney disease can be dangerous and have the potential to lead to kidney failure, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Irregular ... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Doctors perform ultrasounds on kidneys to determine the size, shape and location of the organs, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. These scans may reveal abnormalities such as tumors, cysts, obstructions, abscesses and... More » Health Diagnostics & Imaging

Kidney Cancer Institute explains simple kidney cysts do not pose a cancer risk to patients, whereas complex kidney cysts have different characteristics that may make them cancerous. A simple kidney cyst is spherical, is ... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

The two leading causes of kidney disease and kidney failure are complications arising from type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Other causes include glomerulonephritis, ki... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Simple kidney cysts may cause pain if they grow too large, in which case the individual feels a dull pain in the back, side or upper abdomen, according to the National Kidney Foundation. A simple kidney cyst that becomes... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Polycystic kidney disease is a condition in which clusters of cysts develop in the kidney, states Mayo Clinic. This inherited condition can cause adverse complications such as kidney failure and high blood pressure. More » Health Conditions & Diseases

The cause of kidney nodules, or kidney cysts, depends on whether the cysts are simple cysts or result from polycystic kidney disease, explains Mayo Clinic. Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited condition resulting fr... More »