Despite holding citizenship in England, John Locke promoted a government powered by the people and for the benefit of citizens. Locke lived during the 17th century, and had a prime role in shaping the spirit and language... More »

John Locke's ideas about life, freedom, government and property ownership were major influences on Thomas Jefferson's writings, including the United States Declaration of Independence. In fact, the words "life, liberty a... More »

John Locke believed that the purpose of the government was to help all people achieve equal natural rights, and that the government was obliged to protect and defend its citizens. Locke rejected the belief that some peop... More »

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John Locke believed that the government existed in order to help protect people and to help society function, while Thomas Hobbes believed that people needed the government to tell them what to do, or otherwise, there wo... More »

A written constitution clearly defines the division of powers within a government, the powers and limitations of each branch therein, and the rights of the citizens at large. Written constitutions also allow literate cit... More »

The Constitution requires the U.S. government to protect citizens from a foreign invasion, protect citizens against domestic violence and guarantee a republican form of government. The government refers to this section o... More »

Popular sovereignty, the concept of a government based on the will of the people, is found throughout the American Constitution. The Preamble, Article V and Article VII express the concept, among other references. More »

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