An example of horizontal integration is the purchase of Kmart by Sears. Horizontal integration occurs when two companies at the same level in the supply chain merge.
Two primary disadvantages to horizontal integration include dealing with government approval of the plan and realizing anticipated benefits. Even if the plan goes through smoothly, the time it takes for the benefits to emerge can be much longer than planned.
Vertical integration is an economic term that describes the merging of two different types business into one or the merging of two different lines of production within one business. What makes this type of merging, or integration, vertical is the fact that one of the bu...
A horizontal line runs parallel to the horizon, at a 90 degree angle to a vertical line. A person lying down in a flat position would create a horizontal line; a standing person would create a vertical line.
Horizontal communication refers to the interaction among people within the same level of hierarchical structure in organizations. Horizontal communication includes the relay of information between and among individuals, units and departments that fall into the same leve...
In science, the horizontal component of a force is the part of the force that is moving directly in a parallel line to the horizontal axis. For example, when a football is kicked, the force of the kick can be divided into a horizontal component, which is moving the foot...
Personal integrity is an innate moral conviction to stand against things that are not virtuous or morally right. This makes individuals do what they think is right regardless of the consequences attached with their decisions. People with high personal integrity are usua...