An example of horizontal integration is the purchase of Kmart by Sears. Horizontal integration occurs when two companies at the same level in the supply chain merge.
Two primary disadvantages to horizontal integration include dealing with government approval of the plan and realizing anticipated benefits. Even if the plan goes through smoothly, the time it takes for the benefits to emerge can be much longer than planned.
A horizontal line runs parallel to the horizon, at a 90 degree angle to a vertical line. A person lying down in a flat position would create a horizontal line; a standing person would create a vertical line.
A horizontal line is a straight line that goes from left to right, which can be open or closed in form. On a coordinate plane, a horizontal line runs parallel to the x-axis.
In science, the horizontal component of a force is the part of the force that is moving directly in a parallel line to the horizontal axis. For example, when a football is kicked, the force of the kick can be divided into a horizontal component, which is moving the foot...
Horizontal communication refers to the interaction among people within the same level of hierarchical structure in organizations. Horizontal communication includes the relay of information between and among individuals, units and departments that fall into the same leve...
A horizontal structure in a business means the company has little to no middle management and top managers interact directly with customers. This type of flat structure is fairly common in small companies.