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www.reference.com/article/example-horizontal-integration-b41e40312f2a1ea3

An example of horizontal integration is the purchase of Kmart by Sears. Horizontal integration occurs when two companies at the same level in the supply chain merge.

www.reference.com/business-finance/disadvantages-horizontal-integration-19468a451476ad6a

Two primary disadvantages to horizontal integration include dealing with government approval of the plan and realizing anticipated benefits. Even if the plan goes through smoothly, the time it takes for the benefits to emerge can be much longer than planned.

www.reference.com/article/way-horizontal-d26f5f8c75cc0592

A horizontal line runs parallel to the horizon, at a 90 degree angle to a vertical line. A person lying down in a flat position would create a horizontal line; a standing person would create a vertical line.

www.reference.com/business-finance/horizontal-communication-54cee189e9c132c9

Horizontal communication refers to the interaction among people within the same level of hierarchical structure in organizations. Horizontal communication includes the relay of information between and among individuals, units and departments that fall into the same leve...

www.reference.com/article/difference-between-vertical-horizontal-model-business-637c7106607253a

A major difference between a vertical and horizontal model for business is that vertical models have many levels of management and supervision, while horizontal models are usually much smaller organizations with fewer management levels. Vertical business models have a l...

www.reference.com/article/horizontal-line-2c24f9f11c6f85b3

A horizontal line is a straight line that goes from left to right, which can be open or closed in form. On a coordinate plane, a horizontal line runs parallel to the x-axis.

www.reference.com/world-view/horizontal-component-59bb4ae3e821b715

In science, the horizontal component of a force is the part of the force that is moving directly in a parallel line to the horizontal axis. For example, when a football is kicked, the force of the kick can be divided into a horizontal component, which is moving the foot...