The tools used for performing a Pap smear include a speculum, a plastic spatula and a small brush, according to WebMD. The sample cells are placed into a solution before being sent to the lab for testing. More »

The Medical Center of the University of Rochester explains that a speculum, cervical brush and a glass slide are used during a pap smear along with a preserving solution. The metal or plastic speculum is inserted into th... More »

According to MedicineNet, vaginal bleeding occurs after a tiny brush used during a Pap smear scratches the cervix's fragile lining. The scratching and subsequent bleeding are no cause for worry. This sort of bleeding req... More »

It can take up to three weeks for a provider to receive the results of a Pap test back from the lab, according to WebMD. Normal results indicate that there is no need for further testing, while abnormal results require f... More »

Endometrial cells are sometimes collected in a Pap test, according to the University of Chicago Medicine. Endometrial cells are found in the lining of the uterus. A Pap test is used to collect cells from the cervix and t... More » Health Women's Health

A variety of cells found in a pap smear can be atypical, including cancerous and precancerous cells as well as cells that indicate a virus linked to cancer is present, explains Mayo Clinic. Usually doctors perform furthe... More » Health Women's Health

Risks of artificial insemination include possible bacterial or viral infection in the uterus from the introduction of tools and specimen, as well as discomfort when the speculum or the catheter or tools used to hold the ... More » Health Women's Health