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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_card

A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC) is a physical electronic authorization device, used to control access to a resource.It is typically a plastic credit card-sized card with an embedded integrated circuit (IC) chip. Many smart cards include a pattern of metal contacts to electrically connect to the internal chip. Others are contactless, and some are both.

icucare.com/history-of-smart-cards-in-healthcare

The History of Smart Cards in Healthcare dates back to the 1990s. In 1998, the French health-care system began providing each patient with a small green card. Each patient carries “the carte vitale”. It is a Smart Card, a plastic credit card with a memory chip on it.

cardwerk.com/smart-card-history

Smart cards have a long history. The development of smart card technology started in 1970 with the first patent on the smart card concept to billions of integrated smart card chips deployed in the 21st century. And the future holds the Internet of Trust for us (IoT with smart cards)

www.gemalto.com/companyinfo/smart-cards-basics

Major smart card microprocessor vendors are Infineon Technologies, NXP Semiconductors, Samsung, and STMicroelectronics. What is the history of smart cards? Roland Moreno patented the memory card in 1974. By 1977, three commercial manufacturers Bull CP8, SGS Thomson, and Schlumberger, started developing smart card products.

www.journal.au.edu/ijcim/2004/jan04/jicimvol12n1_article2.pdf

for advanced smart card security applications. The rest of the paper is organized as follows; the next section briefly discusses the history of smart card development and the current and future market analysis. Section three looks into some application areas, their limitations and strengths. This section addresses the future directions of smart ...

www.ukessays.com/essays/information-technology/examining-the-history-of-smart...

A smart card, also known as an automated chip card or integrated circuit card is a small piece of plastic polyvinyl chloride that contains embedded integrated circuits used to hold or store data about the card holder generally relating to monetary and financial dealings.

web.mit.edu/ecom/Spring1997/gr12/0intro.htm

Smart Card, What Are You? The official definition of smart card is "an integrated circuit card with memory capable of making decisions." It is therefore not a magnetic stripe card, like the typical US credit card, that has a capacity of 300 bytes of non-rewriteable memory and no processing capability.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_smart_cards

The following tables list smart cards used for public transport and other electronic purse applications. go card, Opal and myki cards, used in Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne respectively. Singapore EZ-Link add value machine Access card that is used for public transport in Greater Stockholm.

www.wmata.com/fares/smartrip

View your card balance and usage history; Register and manage multiple cards (e.g., cards of family members) Report a lost/stolen card and transfer the balance to a replacement card; Once you have your SmarTrip® card, create an account. Learn more about SmarTrip® online accounts » SmarTrip® Card Benefits

www.globalcarsbrands.com/what-is-a-smart-car-the-history-makes-and-the-reviews

A brief history of Smart cars. Smart car has been around since the late 1980s. At the time, SMH, the company that produces Swatch watches, decided to develop and produce a branded car that relates to the world-known accessories.