Behavior modification techniques typically include positive and negative reinforcement, as well as removal of all reinforcement, or extinction. Positive reinforcement provides a reward for a desired behavior, while negat... More »

Behavior modification is a type of dog training that focuses on changing the dog's underlying emotional state and reactions in certain situations as opposed to teaching it to do specific behaviors on command. People typi... More »

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A behavior modification plan is a program that establishes the framework, steps and goals necessary to modify negative behaviors exhibited by children. The plan delineates a discipline strategy that employs four separate... More »

An example of spontaneous recovery from the Pavlov's dogs experiment is when extinction occurred after Pavlov presented the dog with food without sounding the bell, which stopped the salivation response. If Pavlov again ... More »

A variable interval schedule is a principle in operant conditioning where the reinforcement for a certain behavior comes at random times, or variable intervals. This is an example of intermittent reinforcement, which occ... More »

An example of vicarious reinforcement is when a toddler learns to use the bathroom on his own because he saw his older siblings do the same and get rewarded for it. Another example is when a child eats all of her dinner ... More »

Examples of primary reinforcers, which are sources of psychological reinforcement that occur naturally, are food, air, sleep, water and sex. These reinforcers do not require any learning process in order to be effective;... More »