Sloths have giant claws that do not allow them to walk on the ground. Instead, they have to crawl on their bellies and pull themselves along using their claws. Sloths spend most of their time hanging in trees, where their claws help them cling to branches.
Sloths eat leaves, shoots and fruits from trees and get most of their water from juicy plants. They are called folivores, since their diet consists of buds, tender shoots and leaves of the Cecropia tree. Some two-toed sloths eat insects, small reptiles and birds.
Sloths live in the rainforests of Central and South America. Two species of sloth live there today: the two-toed sloth and the three-toed sloth.
Sloths have specific calls for when they are looking for a mate. They also have a general, high-pitched call that sounds like "ahh-eee" and gives the three-toed sloth one of its common names: the ai.
While sloths are lethargic and non-aggressive, they possess 4-inch claws that they use to defend themselves from predators. However, on the ground they can only travel about 53 feet per hour, making them easy to evade.
Unlike some animals, baby sloths do not have a special name and are simply called baby sloths. Sloths give birth to their young in the forest canopy. A female screams to signal the male that she is ready to mate.
The main predators of sloths are jaguars, large birds of prey and snakes. The sloth's long claws, which are more often used for climbing trees and hanging from branches, are its only defense against predators in the wild. Sloths are most vulnerable during their infreque...