Gross profit is calculated by subtracting the cost of goods sold from sales. Businesses also use these two inputs to calculate gross profit margin, which expresses the relationship between gross sales and cost of goods s... More »

A company has good gross margin when it is competitive with its industry peers and remains stable in the long-term, according to Investopedia. Profit margins vary greatly from industry-to-industry. For example, the airli... More »

Optimal sales price is calculated as the necessary revenue to achieve a desired profit margin divided by the quantity of product units forecast to sell, explains small-business writer Gregory Hamel. A profit margin is th... More »

Gross federal debt is calculated by adding debt held by the public and intragovernmental debt. Federal debt increases as a result of government spending and decreases with the receipt of taxes. More » World View Social Sciences Economics

To calculate gross profit, subtract the cost of goods sold from the amount of total sales for the specified time period. The result is the pre-expense profit derived by the company, also known as the gross profit. More »

To make a simple profit and loss statement, fill the heading of your worksheet with your company name and the reporting period, then fill in the net sales and subtract the cost of goods sold to calculate the gross margin... More » Business & Finance Financial Planning

To calculate profit and loss, evaluate revenue, cost of goods sold and the expenses incurred, then subtract cost of goods sold and expenses from sales. A positive result denoted profit, while a negative result indicates ... More »