Figs are healthy and are a good source of pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, copper and manganese. They also contain potassium, which helps to regulate blood pressure. The fiber present in figs also assists the body in managing weight.
Figs grow best in hardiness zones 8 through 10, but some cultivars are more cold tolerant. Figs historically grew throughout a swath of land stretching from Turkey to India. However, they have spread throughout the world at the hands of humans, and they are common throughout the Mediterranean basin.
Figs and dates are two different types of fruits. Figs are green or greenish-purple when ripe while dates are dark brown when fully sun ripened. Fig plants are shrubs while dates are grown on trees.
Figs have a short season in early summer and a main season from late summer until fall. The first crop of the season is called the breba crop, which comes in on the last season's growth. Spring frost often eradicates the breba crop and the remaining previous season's growth.
Some popular fig varieties include the Calimyrna fig and the Alma fig. The Calimyrna fig is a Smyrna fig grown in California and is popular when dried. The Alma fig is a honey-sweet variety that is golden inside and out.
During season, fresh figs are available in the produce section of markets such as Whole Foods or can be ordered online through Casacalabria.wordpress.com or Melissas.com. There are two fig seasons during the year.
The skin of the fig is completely edible. The only part of the fig that should not be consumed is the stem.
Care for a fig tree by planting it in a good site, adding a layer of mulch, watering it regularly and fertilizing it as necessary. Prune the tree only to lightly shape it or remove dead, damaged and diseased wood.
Fig trees, like any young tree, grow by receiving plenty of sunshine and protection from strong winds. They also require regular watering, fertilization and soil aeration.
A fig tree should be planted in bright but not direct sunlight. It thrives in soil that's rich and full of humus but also well-drained. It needs a fair amount of water and should be misted if it's brought indoors.