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Archaeologists believe the Great Sphinx of Gaza's nose fell off due to a combination of weathering and human vandalism. While Napoleon Bonaparte is often blamed for this destruction, the missing nose has been gone since ... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient Egypt

The Great Sphinx of Giza is located on the Giza Plateau near Cairo. The Sphinx was carved out of limestone and features the head of a human with the body of a lion in a reclining position. The body of the sculpture is ca... More »

www.reference.com Geography

The Great Pyramid of Giza was built during the reign of Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu over a 20 year period ending in 2540 B.C. Academics believe that Khufu's vizier Hemon was responsible for the design of the Py... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient Egypt
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There is inconclusive evidence as to when the Great Sphinx of Giza was carved and how long it took. The most commonly accepted theory is that it was carved in place around 2500 B.C.E, during or after the reign of the Old... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient Egypt

The purpose of the Great Sphinx is not known by scholars, though it is thought that it was built as a divine image of the King at that time. It is also thought that this is what the many builders of the Great Sphinx thou... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient Egypt

Although historians cannot be certain, it is believed that the nose of the Great Sphinx in Giza was destroyed by an Egyptian man who was angry that his offering to the gods did not result in an answered prayer to control... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient Egypt

One of the theories to explain the purpose and symbolism behind the construction of the Great Sphinx at Giza is that it was built to guard the tombs of the pharaohs buried nearby. Support for this theory is based on the ... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient Egypt