Genetic manipulation, also called genetic engineering, refers to the alteration of the genes of an organism. It involves manually adding new DNA to an organism to add new traits. Examples of genetically engineered organi...
Mutations can be caused by errors during the DNA repairing process or errors during the replication process. They can also be induced. Induced mutations are caused by chemicals, radiation, diseases and genetic manipulati...
The GFP gene is a gene from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria that encodes a green fluorescent protein. GFP was isolated from the jellyfish in 1994 and is now a commonly used biological marker in genetic engineering experi...
Gene splicing is a technique used in genetic engineering where the DNA of a living thing is edited, in some cases replacing existing genes with genes taken from another plant or animal. Enzymes are used to cut the DNA st...
Hox genes control the development of an organism. Specifically, they are a set of transcription factor genes that determine the anterior-posterior axis and the segments of an organism's body.
DNA sequencing is used to identify individual genes within the DNA of any organism. This information can be used to identify variants and mutations that cause diseases and disorders.
A genetically modified organism is one that includes genes from another organism. Genetic modification is typically done to improve an organism or to produce medicine or food.