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The most important function of Congress is the legislative function. Article I of the Constitution states that all legislative powers shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, with the House and Senate as equal... More »

The purpose of the Second Continental Congress was to come up with a way to present the complaints of the American colonies to the British. They were first called in to session in May 10, 1775. More »

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Resources for tracking active Congressional legislation include the Library of Congress' THOMAS database, OpenCongress.org and GovTrack.us. Users access the THOMAS database from the Library of Congress website and search... More »

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The main function of the legislative branch is to make laws. The Congress, which is what the legislative branch in called in the U.S. Government, also declares war, approves presidential appointments, approves treaties a... More »

The main function of the judicial branch is to interpret and apply the law and provide a mechanism for the settling of disputes. The judicial branch does not make laws in most cases, nor does it enforce them. More »

A congressional whip is an assistant party leader whose primary function is to count heads, gather party members for votes and quorum calls, and stand in for the party leader when during an absence. A whip is elected for... More »

In government, the function of an administrative office is to provide the support and resources necessary to allow political leaders and departments to carry out their tasks and duties. Administrative offices exist at al... More »