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The most important function of Congress is the legislative function. Article I of the Constitution states that all legislative powers shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, with the House and Senate as equal... More »

The purpose of the Second Continental Congress was to come up with a way to present the complaints of the American colonies to the British. They were first called in to session in May 10, 1775. More »

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Resources for tracking active Congressional legislation include the Library of Congress' THOMAS database, OpenCongress.org and GovTrack.us. Users access the THOMAS database from the Library of Congress website and search... More »

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Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Encyclopedia Brittanica notes that the House is the larger legislative body; its membership number is determined by the population of the st... More »

Notable members of Congress in 2015 include Senator Heidi Heitkamp, Senator Joni Ernst, Senator Elizabeth Warren and Senator Chuck Grassley. Although these lawmakers may not be household names yet, several factors have m... More »

There are 535 voting members in the U.S. Congress. Each state elects two senators, while the number of people who represent each state in the U.S. House of Representatives differs based on the state's population. The tot... More »

The formal qualifications to run for U.S. Congress are fewer than the informal qualifications that have been developed and altered over time. Informal qualifications change as new priorities emerge within the American po... More »