Nicaragua is close to the size of Alabama or Greece, with a surface area of 50,193 square miles. Nicaragua does not have states or provinces, but instead has 15 departments and two autonomous regions. More » Geography South America

Christopher Columbus explored Honduras in 1502, leading to Spanish colonization. Once inhabited by various aboriginal groups, Honduras declared independence from Spain in 1821 and alternated between liberal and authorita... More » Geography Central America

The Panama Canal was conceived of in the 16th century. The French were the first people to attempt to construct a canal through Panama. America originally wanted to build a canal in Nicaragua instead of Panama. Construct... More »

The Atacama desert, one of the driest places on Earth, is a desert in South America that stretches about 600 miles from Peru into Chile. On average, the desert receives less than .004 inches of rain per year, which amoun... More » Geography South America

Costa Rica, or the Republic of Costa Rica, has nearly 5 million citizens as of 2015 and is about 20,000 square miles in size. This small country, only the size of West Virginia, is not only rich in nature and history, bu... More » Geography South America

Nicaragua is the largest country in all of Central America, with a total area of 81,008.2 square miles. About 74,558 square miles of the country is land. Nicaragua shares a long border with Honduras in the north and a sh... More »

Brazil comprises a total area of about 3.3 million square miles, making it the fifth largest country in the world and the largest country in South America, occupying over half the continent. Brazil is bordered by the Atl... More »