Facet hypertrophy occurs when a spinal nerve root is pinched by vertebral joint enlargement, reports Cedars Sinai. Facet joints exist between the vertebrae and allow the spine to bend and twist. Nerve roots pass through ... More »

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Facet joint syndrome is treated with steroid injections into the facet joints, physical therapy, the use of braces and anti-inflammatory drugs, according to Cedars-Sinai. More severe cases of facet joint syndrome may req... More »

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A facet joint, also called a zygapophysial joint, is a joint connecting one vertebra and another. There are four facet joints at the back of a vertebra, and they're found on the extensions of the bone. These joints don't... More »

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With the patient under general anesthesia, the surgeon performs a lumbar discectomy of the spine by making an incision in the patient's back; removing the lamina, or bone at the backside of the spinal canal; retracting t... More »

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Non-specific ST-T wave abnormalities can be caused by digitalis effect, myocardial ischemia, hypokalemia, left ventricular hypertrophy with strain and reciprocal changes from an ST elevation myocardial injury. Getting an... More »

Ligamentum flavum hypertrophy is a condition in which the ligamentum flava grows wider and larger and expands toward the central spinal canal. It is also referred to as ligamentum flavum thickening. More »

Cardiac hypertrophy happens when the muscles of the heart thicken, according to the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine. This means that there is less room in the heart for the chambers, including t... More »

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