Eukaryotic DNA molecules have a) no proteins. b) small amounts of protein at each end. c) large amounts of protein at each end. d) small amounts of protein dispersed among them. e) large amounts of protein around which DNA is wound.
All nuclear DNA in eukaryotes is linear DNA. Eukaryotic chromosomes, such as those in human cells, are linear DNA molecules spooled around support proteins called histones. Asked in Biology , Genetics
The key difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA is that the prokaryotic DNA freely floats in the cytoplasm while the eukaryotic DNA situates inside the nucleus.. There are two major categories of living organisms such as prokaryotes and eukaryotes. They differ from each other by their cellular organization.
Eukaryotic DNA replication is a conserved mechanism that restricts DNA replication to once per cell cycle. Eukaryotic DNA replication of chromosomal DNA is central for the duplication of a cell and is necessary for the maintenance of the eukaryotic genome.. DNA replication is the action of DNA polymerases synthesizing a DNA strand complementary to the original template strand.
2) Contain circular DNA molecules 3) Reproduce independently 4) Have prokaryotic-like ribosomes (susceptible to the same antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis in prokaryotes)
The negative charge of the DNA is neutralized by the positively charged histone proteins. 7: The quantity of DNA is comparatively less. The quantity of DNA is more than prokaryotes. 8: Only very few proteins interacts with prokaryotic DNA. Large number of proteins interacts with eukaryotic DNA. 9: Usually codes for 300 to 500 proteins.
Over time, portions of the DNA from the other prokaryote remaining in the cytoplasmic part of the cell may or may not have been incoporated into the new eukaryotic nucleus (Figure 3). Figure 3 ...
The eukaryotic DNA is organized in one or more linear molecules, called chromosomes, which are associated with histone proteins. All chromosomal DNA is stored in the cell nucleus, separated from the cytoplasm by a membrane. Some eukaryotic organelles such as mitochondria also contain some DNA. Many eukaryotic cells are ciliated with primary cilia.
In Summary: Comparing Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells. Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms of the domains Bacteria and Archaea. All prokaryotes have plasma membranes, cytoplasm, ribosomes, a cell wall, DNA, and lack membrane-bound organelles. Many also have polysaccharide capsules. Prokaryotic cells range in diameter from 0.1–5.0 µm.
The DNA in the Prokaryotic cell is in a singe loop but the DNA in the eukaryotic cell is everywhere. Prokaryotic cells don't have membrane-bound organelles. Asked in Genetics