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The endoplasmic reticulum has numerous functions including the manufacture of membranes and secretory proteins, carbohydrate and lipid synthesis and the detoxification of compounds. The function depends on which cells ? ... More »

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The endoplasmic reticulum was discovered in 1945 by researchers Ernest Fullman, Keith Porter and Albert Claude. The endoplasmic reticulum is separated into two categories. The parts of the organelle with ribosomes on the... More »

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The two types of endoplasmic reticulum are rough and smooth. The rough endoplasmic reticulum gets its name from the ribosomes covering its surface; these give it a rough appearance. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum does ... More »

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Leucoplasts are organelles, cell structures surrounded by membranes, in plant cells that store starch, lipids or proteins, or have biosynthetic functions creating a variety of organic compounds. They are a type of plant ... More »

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The rough endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle that produces proteins and helps them fold properly. Cells also have a smooth endoplasmic reticulum that processes fats and steroid hormones. More »

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Mitochondria and thylakoid membranes are both responsible for the synthesis of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate, commonly referred to as ATP. Mitochondria are present in all living cells, and they produce ene... More »

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