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Fibrosis refers to the formation of fibrous tissue, according to The Free Dictionary. An example is congenital hepatic fibrosis, in which the liver forms wide bands of fibrous tissue in an irregular pattern. The tissue contains cysts from faulty terminal bile ducts and leads to constricted blood flo


Causes of pulmonary fibrosis include environmental factors, radiation treatments, certain medications and medical treatments. In most cases, however, no known cause is discovered, according to Mayo Clinic.


Radiation therapy sometimes causes interstitial pulmonary fibrosis in patients, according to Mayo Clinic. The damage takes months or years to show up after the therapy. Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring of the lungs, which thickens the tissue, making it more difficult for oxygen to pass into the bloods


Palliative treatment options for people with pulmonary fibrosis are medications, oxygen therapy, physical exercise, efficient breathing techniques, nutritional counseling, and emotional counseling and support, according to Mayo Clinic. While no treatment cures or stops the disease from worsening, pa


Dying hospice patients commonly experience stages referred to as the pre-active and active phases of dying, however, each case is different and symptoms can vary depending on specific illnesses, explains Hospice Patients Alliance. Pre-active symptoms may include restlessness, agitation and appetite


Lung fibrosis, or pulmonary fibrosis, takes place when damaged and scarred tissue in the lung causes it to dysfunction, explains Mayo Clinic. The cause of lung fibrosis is unknown as of 2015, and the lung damage is irreparable.


Pirfenidone is effective in treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, according to PubMed. Studies show that the antifibrotic substance hinders progression of the disease by minimizing amounts of TNF-? and other cytokines that cause inflammation, suppressing elements of profibrotic growth, and decreas


End-of-life symptoms for hospice patients include changes in metabolism, body functions, consciousness, circulation and secretions, reports the America Cancer Society. Knowing these symptoms helps prepare patients and their relatives for the impending demise. Symptoms usually appear two or three mon


Fibrosis of the liver can take years to develop into cirrhosis, according to the U.S. Veterans Administration. Some people with fibrosis never develop cirrhosis, and the earlier the fibrosis is treated the more likely the liver is to heal itself, notes the American Liver Foundation.


The word 'pulmonary' relates to the lung. For example, pulmonary hypertension is a condition referring to high blood pressure of the lungs, explains by Mayo Clinic.