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www.reference.com/article/edema-75b1f3bda82ac305

Edema is the medical term for swelling that occurs as the body responds to injury or inflammation, according to WebMD. Edema is caused by medications, infections, pregnancy and a variety of medical issues.

www.reference.com/article/pitting-edema-scale-91ab66ffae5e8be6

The pitting edema scale is a tool used to assess the severity of a patient's edema, according to Progressive Health. Using the scale, edema is graded from 1+ to 4+, with 4+ being severe edema.

www.reference.com/article/edema-treated-bd8217dd8056561c

Treatments for edema include elevating the affected limb, exercise, massage, compression and medication, according to Mayo Clinic. Limiting salt intake also helps to reduce the swelling.

www.reference.com/article/causes-edema-legs-932aa014ac707ac

Causes of edema in the legs include being overweight, taking steroids and having medical conditions, such as lymphedema, preeclampsia and pericarditis, according to Healthline. Other causes include standing or sitting for long periods and changes during the menstrual cycle. Edema in the legs is usua

www.reference.com/article/causes-leg-edema-f470891bb8cdda2a

Edema is the result of tiny blood vessels in the body leaking fluid that eventually builds up in the surrounding tissues, explains Mayo Clinic. The blood vessels may begin to leak for a variety of reasons, including staying in one position for too long, premenstrual symptoms and pregnancy.

www.reference.com/article/common-causes-edema-2d1cb98fa68f2f41

Common causes of edema include staying in one position too long, premenstrual symptoms, consuming excessive salty food, pregnancy and certain medications, explains Mayo Clinic. Though not as common, edema is sometimes a sign of a serious health condition.

www.reference.com/article/lower-extremity-edema-1486f91a1705e12d

Edema in the lower extremities is a condition in which fluid fills the spaces between cells and induces swelling, inflammation and sometimes pain that ranges from mild to severe. According to Mayo Clinic, the condition can be caused by many different underlying disorders that range from minor to ser

www.reference.com/article/types-causes-treatments-edema-7aff1abba2180ce4

Edema, the medical term for swelling, is the body's natural response to injury and has many causes, according to WebMD. Common causes for mild edema include sitting too long, pregnancy and drug side effects, states the Mayo Clinic. Causes for severe edema include heart failure and kidney disease.

www.reference.com/article/causes-facial-edema-61dd18c0e6c152ef

Causes of facial edema, or facial swelling, include injury or inflammation from allergic reactions, sinusitis, or a tooth abscess, according to MedlinePlus. Swelling during the recovery period of head, nose or jaw surgery is likely as well.

www.reference.com/article/pulmonary-edema-c1d0ea68bc34c1d2

Pulmonary edema is health condition that results from excess fluids in the lungs, as stated by Mayo Clinic. The fluids accumulated in the air sacs cause breathing difficulties.