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Sedation is recommended during a colonoscopy and is either given in pill form or as a mild sedative with intravenous pain medication, claims Mayo Clinic. It takes about an hour to recover from the sedative following the procedure, but can take a full day to feel normal.


Commonly used anesthetics include isoflurane, ketamine, propofol, sodium pentobarbital and midazolam, according to the University of California at San Francisco. Additionally, common local anesthetics include lidocaine, mepivacaine, bupivacaine, ropivacaine and procaine, notes Drugs.com.


The type of medication used for diabetes depends on the type of the disease, but Type 1 diabetics require replacement insulin. Type 2 diabetics sometimes manage their condition with diet alone, but may also require oral medications or replacement insulin, according to Drugs.com.


Doctors use mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants to treat bipolar disease, according to Mayo Clinic. Bipolar disease causes shifts in mood, energy and activity levels, claims the National Institute of Mental Health.


Blood thinners are typically prescribed to prevent patients from developing blood clots, states WebMD. As a result, blood thinner medications may also be used to prevent heart attacks and stroke in certain patients.


As of early 2015, one class of drugs has been approved to treat early Alzheimer's disease, according to Mayo Clinic. Cholinesterase inhibitors help for a time with memory and cognitive symptoms. Currently there is no cure for Alzheimer's.


Opiate withdrawal is often treated with clonidine, a medication that relieves the muscle aches, runny nose, cramping and agitation associated with withdrawal, as noted by MedlinePlus. Buprenorphine has also been successful in treating withdrawal symptoms and shortening the withdrawal period in some


Drugs used to treat gonorrhea include the generic-named antibiotics azithromycin, ceftriaxone and doxycycline, states WebMD. The drug brand names are Zithromax, Rocephin and Doryx. Particular types of gonorrhea bacteria have developed resistance to antibiotics such as penicillin, tetracycline and qu


Typical antipsychotic medications treat schizophrenia and schizophrenia-related disorders, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. Thorazine and Haldol are antipsychotic medications developed and used for these purposes in the 1950s. Second-generation drugs developed in the 1990’s, cal


According to the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the acceptable temperature range for a drug test urine sample is from 90 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Samples should be at least 30 milliliters, but samples above 15 milliliters can be tested. Temperature must be measured within 4 minutes o