Hand sanitizer expires when the amount of the sanitizer's antibacterial agent drops below 90 percent of the stated level. Although legally expired, a sanitizer may still have some effectiveness remaining after the printe... More »

Alcohol-based hand sanitizers work by killing microbes that may be on the hands, such as bacteria, viruses and fungi, typically by dissolving the cellular membrane. Alcohol kills bacteria primarily by denaturing proteins... More »

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The active ingredient in most hand sanitizers is ethyl alcohol, which has a pH of 7.0. Ethyl alcohol is also known as ethanol, which is a neutral molecule with the chemical formula H3CH2OH. For this reason, hand sanitize... More »

Using too much hand sanitizer and other commercial household antibacterial products may be harmful because it can lead to antibiotic resistance, according to Healthy Child. Antibiotics are not able to deal with bacterial... More »

The Purell TFX Touch-Free Dispenser and GoJo FMX-12 Dispenser are hand sanitizer dispensers. The Simplehuman Compact Sensor Pump for soap, lotion or sanitizer is another option. More »

www.reference.com Beauty & Fashion Hygiene Soap & Body Wash

Hand sanitizers are useful in the absence of soap and running water, according to BerkeleyWellness.com. They're transportable and available in sprays, gels and hand wipes. More »

www.reference.com Beauty & Fashion Hygiene Soap & Body Wash

Make hand soap by grating a bar of soap, melting it in water, stirring thoroughly and allowing it to cool. You can add essential oils or coloring to change the scent and appearance if desired. More »

www.reference.com Beauty & Fashion Hygiene Soap & Body Wash