Diatom, (class Bacillariophyceae), any member of the algal class Bacillariophyceae (division Chromophyta), with about 16,000 species found in sediments or attached to solid substances in all the waters of Earth. Diatoms are among the most important and prolific microscopic sea organisms and serve directly or indirectly as food for many animals.
Diatoms are classified as eukaryotes, organisms with a membrane-bound cell nucleus, that separates them from the prokaryotes archaea and bacteria. Diatoms are a type of plankton called phytoplankton, the most common of the plankton types. Diatoms also grow attached to benthic substrates, floating debris, and on macrophytes.
Diatoms are a large group of single-celled algae that are encased in a silica cell wall. They are a very diverse group and are known for their interesting physical structure.
Descriptions of major groups » Diatoms; Diatoms Diatoms are characterised by a unique feature: a cell wall composed of silica, which fits together in two halves like a box. The lid and base of the box are known as valves, which are connected by a girdle, and the whole structure is known as a frustule. This has ...
Description of Diatoms 2. Characteristics of Diatoms 3. Classification 4. Occurrence 5. Plant Body 6. Cell Structure 7. Reproduction 8. Economic Importance. Description of Diatoms: It is a large group of algae consisting of 200 genera and over 10,000 species, out of which 92 genera and about 569 species are reported from India.
Fossil evidence suggests that diatoms originated during, or before, the early Jurassic period.. Overview and description. Diatoms are a type of heterokont (phylum Heterokontophyta), a major line of eukaryotes that includes both autotrophs (e.g. golden algae) and heterotrophs (e.g. water molds). Most are algae, ranging from the giant multicellular kelp to the mainly unicellular diatoms.
What is a diatom and why are they important? A diatom is a photosynthetic, single celled organism which means they manufacture their own food in the same way plants do. They are a major group of algae and form one of the most common forms of phytoplankton and join the myriad of organisms that drift on currents in the upper layers of the ocean ...
Description and Significance. Diatoms are unicells that share the feature of having a cell wall made of silicon dioxide. This opaline or glass frustule is composed of two parts (valves), which fit together with the help of a cingulum or set of girdle bands.
Diatoms also have ranges and tolerances for other environmental variables, including nutrient concentration, suspended sediment, flow regime, elevation, and for different types of human disturbance. As a result, diatoms are vital for assessment and monitoring biotic condition of waters.
Synedra famelica forms tufted colonies with frustules joined at one end by mucilage pads (see photo below). This species is widespread and locally abundant in streams and wetlands on the Northwestern Great Plains (Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming).