Population Growth. The population of Nepal has been steadily rising recent decades. In the June 2001 census, there was a population of about 23 million in Nepal. The population increased by 5 million from the last census (1991); the growth rate is 2.3%. The current population is roughly 30 million which contributes to an increase of about 3 million people every 5 years.
The total surface area of Nepal is at 147,181 square kilometers which converts to approximately 56,826.90 square miles. With the above population in mind, this translates to a total population density of approximately 201 people per square kilometer, or 77 people per square miles.
Nepal’s population is young with more than 42 percent are under age 15. The high number of youth in Nepal demands higher investment in education and health. Major exports from Nepal are Commodities such as carpets, clothing, leather goods and grain. Nepal trades with a number of different countries such as India, USA, Germany and UK.
The current population of Nepal is 29,901,333 as of Friday, May 17, 2019, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Nepal population is equivalent to 0.39% of the total world population. Nepal ranks number 49 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. The population density in Nepal is 209 per Km 2 (541 people per mi 2).
Kathmandu is the largest municipality and the capital of Nepal.It's also the only city in the country with the Mahanagar (Metropolitan City) municipal status. Kathmandu has a population of 985,000 in 2019.
Seeing the demographic writing on the wall after a population census in 1988, Bhutan expelled some 100,000 ethnic Nepalese who became refugees in camps in southeastern Nepal. Overpopulation also drives export of manpower to India, the Middle East, Europe and North America in search of employment, the so-called Nepalese Diaspora .
Demographics of Nepal Nepali girls in traditional Khas Pahadi attire Population of Nepalese (1960-2010 Nepal Census) Thapa man and his nephew Nepali khas children Indigenous magar girls of Nepal In the 2011 census, Nepal's population was approximately 26 million people with a population growth rate of 1.35% and a median age of 21.6 years.
Demographic history . The population of Nepal is estimated to be 26,494,504 people based on the 2011 Nepal census,  with a population growth rate of 1.35% and a median age of 21.6 years. Female median age is estimated to be 22.5 years, and male median age to be 20.7 years.
Nepal population density. Nepal population density is 201.9 people per square kilometer (522.8/mi 2) as of May 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Nepal divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Nepal.
The population of Nepal is expected to grow by 318,000 in 2019 and reach 30,260,000 in 2020. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 70,000 people yearly. On average there are 569,958 births and 185,383 deaths in Nepal per year. Rate of natural increase is approximately 1.28 percent per year.