Definition. Victim precipitation is a criminology theory that analyzes how a victim's interaction with an offender may contribute to the crime being committed. The theory is most commonly ...
Outrageous Theory of Victim Precipitation Explained With Examples. The victim precipitation theory posits that, in a given criminal act, the victims themselves behave or act in certain ways that inadvertently provoke the victimizer's attack on them. In other words, a criminal act is a mutually undertaken process.
The victim precipitation theory, also referred to as the victim precipitation approach, hypothesizes that victims of violent crimes and sexual assault put themselves in harm's way through their own actions.
The deviant place theory states that greater exposure to dangerous places makes an individual more likely to become the victim of a crime (Seigel, 2006). Unlike the victim precipitation theory, the victims do not influence the crime by actively or passively encouraging it, but rather are victimized as a result of being in "bad" areas.
Victim-Blaming Theory: Definition and Evolution. Although the study of victimology represents a relatively new field of inquiry, early researchers were drawn to the concept of shared responsibility between victims and offenders in the commission of a criminal event (Karmen 2004).
Victim precipitation is a controversial theory asserting that victims sometimes initiate the actions which lead to their harm or loss. It is important to study because research shows that it happens with some frequency, and therefore cannot be ignored simply because it is distasteful. This paper examines a number of reasons why we should not only retain the theory of precipitation but expand ...
The "ideology of victim precipitation" by blaming the individual crime victim only serves to divert attention and resources away from the structural causes of crime and the structural changes required by a less criminogenic society, and renders the existing social, political and economic orders more legitimate.
Victim precipitation is defined as the extent to which a victim is responsible for his or her own victimization. The concept of victim precipitation is rooted in the notion that, although some victims are not at all responsible for their victimization, other victims are. In this way, victim precipitation acknowledges that crime victimization
Victim Precipitation Theory. The victim precipitation theory suggests that the characteristics of the victim precipitate the crime. That is, a criminal could single out a victim because the victim is of a certain ethnicity, race, sexual orientation, gender or gender identity. This theory does not only involve hate crimes directed at specific ...
Today, there are a number of theories attempting to explain victimization and its causes. A few of the most common and important theories are the victim precipitation theory, the lifestyle theory, the deviant place theory and the routine activities theory (Siegel, 2006).