The equator is located at 0 degrees latitude. Because the Earth is widest at the equator, it is the longest line of latitude at 24,901.55 miles. Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that measure degrees north and south of the equator.
Latitude measures how close a place is to the equator; because the equator receives the most sun and has the highest temperatures, a places’ latitude can indicate the climate. The further a location on earth is from the equator, the colder the temperatures will be.
The 0 degrees latitude line is called the equator. Latitude lines are parallel lines that are measured in 1 degree increments north and south of the equator. Latitude lines are measured either 0 to 90 degrees north or 0 to 90 degrees south of the equator.
Although there is no specific definition for high latitude climate, these environments typically exist above 60 degrees of latitude. This type of climate is called arctic in the Northern Hemisphere, Antarctic in the Southern Hemisphere, or simply polar.
There are 180 lines of latitude assigned to the surface of the Earth, not including the equator. Latitude is measured as degrees above or below the equator, which sits at zero degrees and acts as the basis for measurement.
Latitude affects climate by influencing the intensity of the sun in a region. The angle and duration of the sun's energy determine surface temperature so that higher latitudes receive less heat, but lower latitudes closer to the equator receive significantly more heat.
Latitude is the measure, in degrees, of the distance of a location from the equator, which divides the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Longitude is the measure, in degrees, of a location from the prime meridian, the starting point from which the time zones...