A haploid cell is one that contains only a single set of chromosomes. In humans, a haploid cell consists of 23 chromosomes. Both sperm and egg cells are haploid. More » Science Biology

Reproductive cells in animals, called gametes, are examples of haploid cells. Both male and female reproductive cells, known respectively as sperm and egg cells, are haploid in that they each possess one copy of each typ... More » Science Biology Cells

The main difference between haploid cells and diploid cells is diploid cells have two complete sets of chromosomes, while haploid cells only have one complete set of chromosomes. Haploid cells have half the amount of chr... More » Science Biology Cells
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A diploid cell is a cell that contains a set of chromosomes from each parent so that is has two complete sets of chromosomes. Diploid cells reproduce using a process known as mitosis. This procedure creates cells that ar... More » Science Biology

A picture of the chromosomes in a cell is called a "karyotype," explains the National Human Genome Research Institute. There are 46 chromosomes, or 23 pairs, in a human cell. The karyotype helps identify chromosome abnor... More » Science Biology

Human skin cells reproduce continuously, and each daughter cell carries a complete set of 46 chromosomes. Nucleated somatic cells, which make up the body and carry a complement of DNA, all have the same number of chromos... More » Science Biology Cells

Meiosis II and mitosis are similar in that both processes involve the separation of attached, duplicated chromosomes, called sister chromatids, into daughter cells, explains University of Illinois at Chicago. While meios... More » Science Biology