Some common surgical procedures of the knee include arthroscopy, osteotomy and knee replacement, notes Zimmer. Knee replacement surgery is generally classified into two types: partial and total. More » Science Human Anatomy Bones

A nephrectomy procedure, or the surgical removal of a kidney, may be either complete or partial, explains the National Kidney Foundation. A doctor can perform either procedure through open surgery or laparascopy, notes M... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

The Whipple procedure is a complex surgery that offers hope to some pancreatic cancer patients, according to WebMD. Pancreatic cancer has an extremely poor prognosis, but for some patients, the Whipple procedure can exte... More » Health Conditions & Diseases Cancer

There are over 150 knee replacement devices available, including mobile-bearing and fixed-bearing devices, and different types designed for partial knee replacement and total knee replacement, explains Healthline. All de... More » Science Human Anatomy Bones

KARL STORZ Endoscopy-America, Inc. offers surgical instruments for medical imaging procedures, such as endoscopy, laparoscopy, arthroscopy and laryngoscopy. The company produces instruments for human medicine, veterinary... More » Hobbies & Games Playing Music Musical Instruments

The kneecap, also called the patella, is found in front of the knee joint, which is the junction between the femur, the upper leg bone, and the tibia, the lower leg bone. Flanking the kneecap are the medial epicondyle of... More » Science Human Anatomy Bones

Knee cartilage does not regenerate on its own because it does not contain any blood vessels. Researchers have found a way to regrow cartilage using the patient's own cells. More »