Colon cancer is cancer of the colon, according to Mayo Clinic. Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer, which refers to cancers that start in the colon and rectum. The colon is a part of the digestive system also known as the large intestine.
Age, race, gender, environment, diet and genetics are causative factors in the development of colon cancer, according to About.com, as are obesity, not getting enough exercise, smoking and polyps. Drinking alcohol can also place a person at risk of contracting this type of cancer.
Mayo Clinic explains that doctors are uncertain of the cause of colon cancer. Symptoms of colon cancer include blood in the stool, weight loss that cannot be explained, reoccurring cramps in the abdomen, variations in bowel movements and fatigue. If found early, colon cancer responds successfully to
The signs and symptoms of colon cancer include rectal bleeding, diarrhea, constipation and chronic stomach discomfort, according to Mayo Clinic. However, symptoms can vary depending on the extent of the condition. In many cases, individuals with colon cancer do not experience any symptoms of the con
The standard treatments for colon cancer are surgery, radiofrequency ablation, cryosurgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted therapy, according to the National Cancer Institute. The therapy used is largely based on the stage of the cancer, which describes how extensively the disease has
According to Mayo Clinic, symptoms of colon cancer include rectal bleeding, persistent abdominal discomfort, unexplained weight loss, weakness or fatigue, the feeling that one's bowels do not completely empty and notable changes in bowel habits, including diarrhea or a change in consistency of stool
Healthy lifestyle habits and regular colorectal cancer screenings can help prevent the development of colon cancer, according to the American Institute for Cancer Research. Maintaining a healthy weight, alcohol use moderation and not smoking tobacco are also preventative measures against colon cance
There are five major stages of colon cancer: 0, I, II, III and IV. Stages II through IV are also divided into substages that indicate how the cancer has spread within each stage, according to the National Cancer Institute.
Stage IV colon cancer is when the cancer has spread through the lymph nodes and the blood to other parts of the body, such as the lung, liver, ovaries or abdominal wall, according to the National Cancer Institute. Stage IV colon cancer is composed of stage IVA and stage IVB.
There are no symptoms during the early stages of colon cancer, according to the American Cancer Society. For this reason, the ACS recommends doctors screen men and women for this disease when they reach age 50. Those with a family history of this cancer begin screenings at an earlier age.