Coal is located in seams within the earth and is brought to the surface by a process known as mining. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), there are around 257 billion recoverable short tons of ... More »

The price for a ton of coal varies greatly depending on what kind of coal it is. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the average price for coal in 2012 was $39.95 per ton. More »

Fireplace coal is available for sale from companies such as Lazzari Fuel Company in Brisbane, California, and Buck Ice and Coal Company in Columbus, Georgia, as of 2015. Both companies sell 50-pound bags of bituminous co... More »

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Advantages of surface mining include economic and financial benefits for miners and communities and a safer alternative to pit mining, but its disadvantages include environmental impacts, such as erosion and contaminatio... More »

Petroleum companies extract crude oil from the Earth using a perforation in the Earth's surface called an oil well. Crude oil is a liquid form of petroleum. In addition, wells provide natural gas. Refining crude oil prod... More »

Coal mining affects the environment in several ways: underground coal mining introduces toxins such as methane gas into waterways and the atmosphere, and surface coal mining contributes to deforestation and erosion. Coal... More »

The two most common methods of coal mining include surface and underground mining. The geology of the coal deposit is the primary factor that determines the preferred method. As of 2015, surface mining accounts for 67 pe... More »

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