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Organic compounds can also be classified on the basis of functional groups into families or homologous series.. 1. Functional group. The functional group can be defined as an atom or a group of atoms that are joined together in a specific manner which is responsible for the characteristic chemical properties of organic compounds.


Organic compounds constitute about 90% of all compounds. That's quite a lot, isn't it? In order to study such a vast number of compounds, it is necessary to classify them into categories. Let us know more about the Classification of Organic Compounds and the general categories into which organic compounds are divided.


Classification of Organic Compounds Based on Functional Groups A functional group is an atom or group of atoms in a molecule that gives the molecule its characteristic chemical properties. Double and triple bonds are also considered as functional groups.


Organic compounds may be classified in a variety of ways. One major distinction is between natural and synthetic compounds. Organic compounds can also be classified or subdivided by the presence of heteroatoms, e.g., organometallic compounds, which feature bonds between carbon and a metal, and organophosphorus compounds, which feature bonds between carbon and a phosphorus.


This lesson discusses the classification of organic compounds including hydrocarbons, open chain molecules, closed chain compounds, homocyclic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, aromatic molecules ...


Chemical compound - Chemical compound - Classification of compounds: Chemical compounds may be classified according to several different criteria. One common method is based on the specific elements present. For example, oxides contain one or more oxygen atoms, hydrides contain one or more hydrogen atoms, and halides contain one or more halogen (Group 17) atoms. Organic compounds are ...


CLASSIFICATION AND NOMENCLATURE OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. The ability of carbon to combine with large number of elements especially O, N, S, X etc, to undergo catenation to form chains of varying lengths and shapes and existence of isomers has led to the formation of more than five million organic compounds ...


The major families of organic compounds are characterized by their functional groups. Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\) summarizes five families introduced in earlier chapters, gives examples of compounds that contain each functional group, and lists the suffix or prefix used in the systematic nomenclature of compounds that contain each functional group.


There are millions of organic compounds and this makes it physically impossible to study each individual compound. To facilitate their study, organic compounds are classified into various groups and sub-groups. They may be broadly classified into the following classes: Open chain or acyclic compounds. Closed chain or cyclic (or ring) compounds.


Organic chemistry is a subdiscipline of chemistry that studies the structure, properties and reactions of organic compounds, which contain carbon in covalent bonding. Study of structure determines their chemical composition and formula.Study of properties includes physical and chemical properties, and evaluation of chemical reactivity to understand their behavior.