According to the University of New Mexico, macromolecules are large molecules that are created by the polymerization of smaller molecules. Nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates are the four classes of macromo... More »

The major classes of non-lipid molecules are proteins, nucleic acids and carbohydrates, which are considered the molecules of life. These molecules, also known as "macromolecules," are made up of chains of smaller units... More »

There are two types of polymerization known as step-reaction polymerization or condensation and chain-reaction polymerization. These two types of polymerization both create high molecular mass molecules from monomers thr... More »

The process of polymerization is accomplished in one of two ways. The first way is by adding small molecules onto the active site of a chain of similar molecules to form giant molecules. The second method involves small ... More »

A polymerization reaction occurs when monomers bond together to create polymers. These macromolecules can either be formed through covalent or noncovalent linking of monomer chains. More »

Enzymes belong to a group of macromolecules called proteins. The basic function of an enzyme is to control the rate of chemical reactions by acting as a biological catalyst. More »

Unlike the other biological macromolecules, lipids are not polymers. Polymers are long chains of smaller repeating elements. DNA, carbohydrates and proteins are all polymers because they consist of chains of nucleotides,... More »