The primary draft law in the Union during the Civil War required all men between the ages of 20 and 45 to register, with quotas being drawn from every congressional district. Those chosen who did not wish to serve could ... More »

The Civil War was considered one of the darkest times in U.S. history. There were doubts the U.S. would even be able to survive as a divided nation. More »

The Civil War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked the Union-controlled Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, S.C. The war officially ended on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surren... More »

The Union financed the Civil War through war bonds, selling federal lands and instituting an income tax. Passed in 1861, the legislation levied a 3 percent tax against incomes over $800, and was increased twice during th... More »

"Yankee" was a name used by Southerners during the Civil War when referring to their northern rivals who were loyal to the Union. Northerners living in states like Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Connectic... More »

While most of the major battles of the Civil War were fought in Confederate territory, the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg took place inside the Union. Both were the result of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's attem... More »

During the Civil War, the North had a larger population, greater access to the navy, more industrial power and better access to gunpowder. However, the South benefited from familiarity with their own terrain, being resou... More »