Poor circulation can cause redness in the toes, tingling sensations and foot cramps, according to FootSmart. The toes may also turn blue to purple in color. Skin discoloration is often due to venous insufficiency, a condition in which blood flow between the leg veins and the heart becomes restricted
Treat poor circulation with medication, change in diet, increased exercise and massaging the affected area. Poor circulation is often a sign of an underlying medical issue or of not getting enough exercise.
Diabetes may cause nerve damage, which impacts proper blood circulation to the legs and extremities, according to Everyday Health. Poor circulation often leads to other complications. In severe cases, the leg or toes require amputation.
Some of the things that may cause swelling in the feet and lower legs include obesity, cirrhosis, pregnancy, kidney failure and achilles tendonitis. The swelling of the feet or legs is often caused by an accumulation of fluids. This condition is called peripheral edema, notes Healthline.
Common causes of swelling in the legs and feet include poorly functioning veins, pregnancy complications, heart disease, infections and blood clots, according to WebMD. In some cases, swollen feet and ankles occur as a normal result of heavy walking or as a side effect from certain medications.
The three types of circulation that make-up the circulatory system of the body are systemic circulation, pulmonary circulation and portal circulation, according to the Franklin Institute. The three systems work together to ensure proper oxygenation and blood flow throughout the body.
Peripheral artery disease causes foot circulation problems, as the disease causes hardening and thickening of the arterial walls that supply blood to the legs, according MedlinePlus. PAD is a disease more prominent in men over 50 years old.
Causes of foot and leg cramps include muscle fatigue or injury, pregnancy, dehydration, vitamin deficiencies and cold temperatures, says WebMD. Occasionally, cramps are the result of inadequate blood flow, thyroid or kidney diseases, or interactions with certain medications.
Hydration, stretching the muscle if possible and applying heat are common remedies for calf and foot cramps, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. There are also over-the-counter medicines that can alleviate leg cramps, but they take time to take effect.
Not smoking, keeping the body hydrated and maintaining a regular exercise regimen are good ways to improve blood circulation, according to Johnston UNC Health Care. It also helps to reduce stress levels and take a warm bath, which improves circulation by causing the veins and arteries to widen.