The Church of England (C of E) is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor.The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion.It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th ...
The Church of England became the established church by an Act of Parliament in the Act of Supremacy, beginning a series of events known as the English Reformation. During the reign of Queen Mary I and King Philip, the church was fully restored under Rome in 1555. However, the pope's authority was again explicitly rejected after the accession of ...
Political unity in England was established under the Wessex kings in the 10th century, however, and reforms of the church took place. In the 11th century the Norman Conquest of England (1066) united England more closely with the culture of Latin Europe.
The settlement of 1689 has remained the basis of the constitutional position of the Church of England ever since, a constitutional position in which the Church of England has remained the established Church with a range of legal privileges and responsibilities, but with ever increasing religious and civil rights being granted to other ...
During this time, the Church of England and the monarchy were quelled, but both were re-established in 1660. The 18th century brought the Evangelical movement, which promoted the Protestant ...
When the First Amendment was ratified in 1791, the establishment clause prohibited a national church. But established churches still existed in many states. For example, the Congregational Church was established by early Puritans in New Hampshire, Connecticut and Massachusetts, a structure those states retained until the 1800s.
Although it is the national church, the Kirk is not a state church; this and other regards makes it dissimilar to the Church of England (the established church in England). Under its constitution (recognised by the 1921 act of the British Parliament), the Kirk enjoys complete independence from the state in spiritual matters.
The Church of England lost its legal privileges in the Colony of New South Wales by the Church Act of 1836. Drafted by the reformist attorney-general John Plunkett, the act established legal equality for Anglicans, Roman Catholics and Presbyterians and was later extended to Methodists.
The Church of England was established in 1534 when King Henry VIII broke away from the Church of Rome and made himself supreme head of the church in England. Henry had wanted to have his marriage ...
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