Interstitial lung disease (ILD) and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are both chronic and lung debilitating diseases. However, though there are a few similarities between these diseases, there are a few distinguishing factors too. The main difference lies in the physical damage caused by both these conditions.
Interstitial lung disease is the name for a group of more than 200 chronic lung disorders. These diseases inflame or scar the lungs. The inflammation and scarring make it hard to get enough oxygen. The scarring is called pulmonary fibrosis.
For example, rheumatoid arthritis may lead to a UIP pattern of interstitial lung disease, but often there are additional findings that suggest an autoimmune etiology, namely, prominent lymphoid follicles, follicular bronchiolitis, vascular changes and/or chronic pleuritis (Fig. 5) (Leslie et al., 2007).
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) encompasses a spectrum of diffuse fibrotic and inflammatory parenchymal injuries. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the ILD most closely related to aging: onset before age 50 years is rare, and the incidence of IPF increases with age.
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Interstitial lung disease is another term for pulmonary fibrosis, or “scarring” and “inflammation” of the interstitium (the tissue that surrounds the lung’s air sacs, blood vessels and airways). This scarring makes the lung tissue stiff, which can make breathing difficult. Symptoms include shortness of breath and coughing.
Interstitial markings can be seen in the lungs due to causes like recurrent lung infections and sometimes due to cancer of the lungs. Also chronic infections like tuberculosis, sarcoidosis and due to occupational lung diseases like silicosis, asbestosis etc, can cause these markings.
The idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) comprise a heterogenous group of disorders. They represent fundamental responses of the lung to injury and do not represent 'diseases' per se. Idiopathic indicates unknown cause and interstitial pneumonia refers to involvement of the lung parenchyma by varying combinations of fibrosis and inflammation.
Chronic lung disease (CLD) in children represents a heterogeneous group of many distinct clinicopathological entities. The prevalence of CLD has increased in the past decade because of the more advanced and intensive respiratory support provided for compromised children and additionally the overall improved survival of preterm babies. The disorders which constitute CLD generally have a slow ...
Whenever you see an area of increased density within the lung, it must be the result of one of these four patterns. Consolidation - any pathologic process that fills the alveoli with fluid, pus, blood, cells (including tumor cells) or other substances resulting in lobar, diffuse or multifocal ill-defined opacities.; Interstitial - involvement of the supporting tissue of the lung parenchyma ...