A chemical symbol is an abbreviation of the name of a chemical element. The name is derived from the name of the element, which is usually in Latin. Chemical symbols are made up of one or two letters.
Potassium readily loses the single electron in its outer valence, causing it to react very energetically to substances that strongly attract electrons. Potassium is a silver colored metal that tarnishes rapidly when exposed to air because of the oxygen and water vapor.
The chemical symbol for water can be written as H2O, with the 2 written is subscript, or as HOH. HOH is the less-common symbol used when referring to water.
The chemical symbol for glucose is C6H12O6. Glucose is a simple sugar substance called a monosaccharide, which is a carbohydrate that contains the elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Another name for glucose is dextrose.
Potassium is a mineral used for the treatment and prevention of low potassium levels, according to WebMD. It is also used for treating high blood pressure and preventing stroke.
The chemical formula for potassium chloride is KCl. It is an ionic compound formed by the transfer of electrons between the atoms of potassium and chlorine. It is white crystalline solid at room temperature.
The chemical symbol for the type of alcohol found in beverages is C2H5OH. It is known as ethyl alcohol, ethanol or grain alcohol. Other types of alcohol include methanol and isopropanol, which are poisonous to drink.