The causes of body fluid retention, or edema, include prolonged inactivity, premenstrual syndrome, ingesting too much salt and pregnancy, claims Mayo Clinic. Edema may also be a side effect of drugs like NSAIDs, hyperten... More »

Fluid retention in the abdomen, called ascites by doctors, is usually caused by cirrhosis and other liver disorders, according to Merck Manual. Ascites can also be caused by kidney failure and pancreatitis. More » Health Pain & Symptoms

Liver scarring is the primary cause of fluid retention ascites, increasing pressure in the blood tissues of the liver, states Healthline. Other factors include tuberculosis, heart or kidney failure, pancreatitis and hypo... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

According to WebMD, swollen feet are caused by a variety of factors that include pregnancy, injuries such as sprained ankles and lymph fluid retention. While swollen feet during pregnancy is considered common, rapid swel... More »

Common causes of edema include staying in one position too long, premenstrual symptoms, consuming excessive salty food, pregnancy and certain medications, explains Mayo Clinic. Though not as common, edema is sometimes a ... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Leg and feet swelling that occurs with diseases of the heart, liver and kidneys is caused by salt retention holding excess fluid in the body, states MedicineNet. Edema is a normal response of the body to inflammation or ... More »

Edema is the result of tiny blood vessels in the body leaking fluid that eventually builds up in the surrounding tissues, explains Mayo Clinic. The blood vessels may begin to leak for a variety of reasons, including stay... More » Health Conditions & Diseases