An enlarged or swollen kidney is usually the result of a backflow of urine from the bladder to the kidney, kidney stones or a blockage of the ureter due to a tumor, scarring or congenital abnormalities, according to Medl... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

An enlarged testicle is most commonly caused by injury, inflammation or infection. Other possible causes of testicle enlargement include testicular cancer, epididymitis, scrotal sac infection, a cyst in the scrotum and t... More » Health Pain & Symptoms

Enlarged under-jaw glands, or lymph nodes, are usually the result of bacteria or viruses, according to Mayo Clinic. In rare cases, swollen lymph nodes are caused by certain cancers. Doctors diagnose the cause of swollen ... More »

Hydronephrosis in adults occurs as a result of diseases such as kidney stones and chronic unilateral obstructive uropathy that cause the kidney to swell due to backup of urine, explains MedlinePlus. Hydronephrosis may oc... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Ureteric stents are soft, hollow tubes surgically placed to allow urine and kidney stones to easily pass from the kidneys, through the ureter, to the bladder, according to keep the ureter's opening w... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

An enlarged bladder typically occurs as a result of blockage at the base of the bladder, says MedlinePlus. Symptoms of blockage include abdominal pain, frequent urination, inability to urinate, pain during urination, pro... More »

A ureteric stent involves the insertion of a thin tube into the ureter to prevent the obstruction of urine flow from the kidney. A doctor often uses a ureteric stent after the ureter becomes obstructed during a procedure... More » Health Conditions & Diseases