For the past several decades, rates of cancer in the main part of the stomach (stomach body) have been falling worldwide. During the same period, cancer in the area where the top part of the stomach (cardia) meets the lower end of the swallowing tube (esophagus) has become much more common.
Cardia: The first part is closest to the esophagus Fundus: The upper part of the stomach next to the cardia Body (corpus): The main part of the stomach, between the upper and lower parts Antrum: The lower portion (near the intestine), where the food mixes with gastric juice Pylorus: The last part of the stomach, which acts as a valve to control emptying of the stomach contents into the small ...
Gastric cancer treatment options depend on extent of disease and may include radical surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy. Get detailed information about the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of newly diagnosed and recurrent gastric cancer in this clinician summary.
Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a cancer that develops from the lining of the stomach. Most cases of stomach cancers are gastric carcinomas, which can be divided into a number of subtypes including gastric adenocarcinomas. Lymphomas and mesenchymal tumors may also develop in the stomach. Early symptoms may include heartburn, upper abdominal pain, nausea and loss of appetite.
Stomach cancer is a cancer that's found anywhere in the stomach. It's not very common in the UK. There are many possible symptoms of stomach cancer. Some are more obvious, such as: losing weight without trying to; feeling or being sick; having problems swallowing (dysphagia) a lump at the top of your tummy; Others might be harder to spot, such as:
Stomach cancer is more common in men than in women. Age. There is a sharp increase in stomach cancer rates in people over age 50. Most people diagnosed with stomach cancer are between their late 60s and 80s. ... Being overweight or obese is a possible cause of cancers of the cardia (the upper part of the stomach nearest the esophagus), but the ...
Singh S, et al. Physical activity is associated with reduced risk of gastric cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Cancer Prevention Research. 2014;7:12. Carr JS, et al. Risk factors for rising incidence of esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer. 2013;44:143.
Stomach cardia cancer occurs at the top part of the stomach closest to the esophagus, and stomach non-cardia cancer occurs in all other areas of the stomach. AICR’S latest report on stomach cancer found that maintaining a healthy weight can help lower cancer risk. High amounts of alcoholic drinks link to a higher risk of stomach cancer.
Since symptoms of stomach cancer often do not appear until the disease is advanced, only about 1 in 5 stomach cancers in the United States is found at an early stage, before it has spread to other areas of the body. Written by; References; The American Cancer Society medical and editorial content team.
Gastric cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lining of the stomach. The stomach is a J-shaped organ in the upper abdomen.It is part of the digestive system, which processes nutrients (vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and water) in foods that are eaten and helps pass waste material out of the body.