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As of 2015, brake replacements usually cost around $130 to $900 per axle, depending on the make and model of the car. Prices are customarily higher at car dealerships than at standard repair shops.


Brake pads last anywhere from 30,000 to 70,000 miles, and brake rotors can last about three times longer. The exact mileage depends on the type and composition of the pad's friction material, the owner's driving habits and driving conditions.


Some common brake problems include a soft brake pedal, a car pulling to one side, a pedal sinking to the floor, a brake pedal pulsation or vibration, and the brake pedal being too firm. Brakes whining or squealing, dragging and making a clunking sound are other common brake problems.


A brake fluid flush or exchange runs from $70 to $150, as of 2015. The price of a flush varies widely and depends on the model and make of the vehicle.


The average cost for replacing a car's front brakes ranges from $100 to $250 per axle, as of January 2016. Exact cost depends on the type and model of the car, location and the type of the replacement brake pads.


Engine braking is a method of slowing a vehicle down without using external braking mechanisms, such as friction brakes or magnetic brakes. Engine braking refers to the braking effect caused by the closed-throttle partial vacuum in petrol engines when the accelerator pedal is released.


A hand brake is also known as a parking brake or emergency brake. It's a secondary braking system used to keep a vehicle in a stationary position. A hand brake is usually installed as a lever situated between the front seats and is activated by pulling it up.


Brake light failure is caused by a blown fuse, burned out light bulbs, or broken brake light wiring switches. Periodic brake light testing prevents unknown brake light failure.


If the car was purchased new, check the owner's manual or with the manufacturer. If it was purchased second hand, a previous owner may have installed different braking system parts.


To perform a complete brake repair, raise the vehicle and secure it, and remove the tire. Remove the brake drum to examine the underlying components, including the brake drum, rotors, calipers, brake shoes and wheel cylinder, and replace any parts that appear worn or damaged. Check the entire system