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SLOKA describes BPSK as the simplest form of phase shift keying that uses two phases separated by 180 degrees. In BPSK, it does not matter where exactly the positions of the castellation points are, and they are always shown on the real axis, usually at 0 and 180 degree...


The phase shift formula for a trigonometric function, such as y = Asin(Bx - C) + D or y = Acos(Bx - C) + D, is represented as C / B. If C / B is positive, the curve moves right, and if it is negative, the curve moves left.


Binary numbers are a way to represent numbers using only zeros and ones. The binary system can also be called the base-2 system as each number place is equal to two to the power of that place.


The main advantage of phase shift keying is that it allows data to be carried along a radio communications signal much more efficiently than with frequent shift keying. PSK is a digital modulation scheme that transports data by changing the phase of the carrier wave.


The number eleven in binary is 1011. When written in the commonly used base ten system, eleven is composed of one ten and one one. Binary is a base two system, and in this system, eleven consists of one eight, zero fours, one two and one one.


Frequency Shift Keying, or FSK, is a modulation technique that transmits digital signals over telephone lines, cables, optical fiber or wireless media. FSK data consist of two binary states, 0 and 1, represented by two different waves known as "space" to represent the 0...


Amplitude is the factor by which a function is stretched vertically. The period of a repeating graph is the width of each repeat. The phase shift is the amount that the graph is moved horizontally.